There are various explanations leading up to what exactly peripheral neuropathy is: its causes, symptoms, and most significantly, its treatment. As per medical history, the term peripheral comes from the Greek word “periphereia” which simply means circumference. The term “neuron” also comes from the Greek word neuron for nerves. And finally, the term “pathy” too comes from Greek word pathos indicating disease. Hence the definition of ‘peripheral neuropathy’ is the disease of the nerves found in the circumference of the body, or more specifically, the nerves found on the surface of the body. Read on further to find about the nerve regeneration supplement treatment and more details can be found on the website Mayoclinic.org.
Peripheral Neuritis-a study
Peripheral neuritis, which is another name for this illness, usually affects the nerves that work to relay information from the central processing unit, the brain, to the various parts of the body, such as the major organs, skin, and joints. Normally, when somebody slaps you on your arm, nerve endings located there – like the ulnar nerve – will send signals to the brain that there was the introduction of a certain stimulus which causes pain. The brain sends feedback information to the affected body part and will subsequently cause you to jerk your arm out of the way of the pain-causing stimuli.
But with peripheral neuropathies, like the distal symmetric neuropathy usually seen in diabetic neuropathy, you will not feel anything but a possibly a numbness in the affected area. Since no sensation is felt, the injury will become unnoticed. This is why diabetic patients tend to lose their extremities to amputation. In view of the fact that they don’t feel any sensation when they are injured, these injuries involving the extremities should be treated at once or the infection may spread to the bone and other nearby areas.
Classification of Peripheral neuropathy
Peripheral neuropathy can be classified into several categories. Depending on the type of nerve affected, it is classified as motor, sensory, sensorimotor, or autonomic. On the number of nerves affected, it is either a mononeuropathy or a polyneuropathy. Genes can also be part of the affected list since peripheral neuropathy can also be inherited.
Diseases such as diabetes, AIDS, lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, hepatitis, and diphtheria, as well being exposed to toxic compounds like solvents, glue, nitrous oxide, and heavy metals can cause peripheral neuropathies. Even the drugs taken to treat cancer and AIDS may cause a neuropathy.
A neuropathy originating from pressure on a nerve can occur when a certain position is held for long periods of time or specific actions are done repetitively over a long period of time. This causes a pressure on the nerves — such as the radian nerve in the hand — due to its location in the tight compartment of the hand, leading to undue pressure which is what we call Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. The ulnar nerve also receives pressure from sports related injuries such as tennis, when the nerve gets pressure from the constant movement of the elbow, popularly known as ‘tennis elbow’.